River Sports Fun: French Broad, Holston Rivers Conflux at Tennessee Confluence

Mighty Rivers rise from humble beginnings, often hundreds of miles from their final, stellar display of power as they rumble into a junction downstream. The Tennessee River’s founding ranks as one of the more interesting in river history and recreation.

Under the railroad trestle on the left flows the Holston River. Top Right, here comes the French Broad. To the lower right, there goes the newly formed Tennessee River

Under the railroad trestle (left) flows the Holston River. Top Right, here comes the French Broad. To the lower right, two become one in a marriage of water creating the Tennessee River. Burkhart Enterprises, a thriving riverport since the late 1940s, docks barges in the photo. See this point from their vantage below

A dozen miles above the vibrant East Tennessee city of Knoxville, two powerful rivers—the Holston and the French Broad—join in a confluence of waters launching the Tennessee River’s 652 mile navigable journey. Included in the flow route lay portions of Alabama until the Tennessee folds northward creating a wandering “U” shape. Then, near Paducah, Kentucky, the Tennessee merges with the Ohio River as its largest and equal tributary for only a short 46 miles when the Ohio converts to a tributary itself for the Mississippi River in Cairo, Illinois.

The Tennessee River's Alpha and Omega paths.

The Tennessee River from beginning to end. Note the confluence of Holston and French Broad Rivers at the Knoxville “dot” offering hundreds of miles of river fun

When Knoxville reigned as king of the region circa 1790, the river was popularly known as the Cherokee, named as such by the native Indian population. In fact their influence ultimately yields the name Tennessee from the word “Tanasi,” a Cherokee village. A distinguished monument overlooks the now submerged village, whose name roughly translates to “big bend,” 12 miles south of the town of Vonore.

On the west side of the confluence hill, one views downtown Knoxville, about 4.25 miles downstream at the Gay Street Bridge.

On the west side of the confluence hill, one views downtown Knoxville, about 4.25 miles downstream at the Gay Street Bridge.

The French Broad River begins near the small town of Rosman, North Carolina, and flows independently for 213 miles before mixing with the Holston. From Rosman it carries one of the heavier rainfalls in the United States north through Asheville, North Carolina, before tracking northwest across the Great Smoky Mountains, one of the river’s major water sources.

From the top photo looking East, one views Burkhart Enterprises, Inc, a family business since the late 1940s. Note the trestle over the Holston on the right, also visible in the top photo.

Burkhart Enterprises view of the confluence. Note trestle also in top pho

The Great Smoky Mountains National Park is one of the most visited national parks in the country and one of the best areas for enjoying the bounty of the French Broad River and the many smaller streams that feed it. Gatlinburg is a notably wonderful base for exploring these waterways with a plethora of outfitters running whitewater rafting, kayaking and paddle boarding adventure trips. Grab a bag of iconic Gatlinburg taffy then hop on the Pigeon River to experience class III and IV rapids that finish their flow into the French Broad above the Douglas Dam.

The Clinch River adding its own glory to the Tennessee downstream near Oak Ridge

The Clinch River adding its own glory to the Tennessee downstream near Oak Ridge

Pigeon River, named after the Passenger Pigeon, offers a lesson in that bird’s journey to extinction, something River Sport enthusiasts must keep in mind. While once one of the largest populations on the globe (four billion estimated just in 1700s North America alone), massive hunting for its cheap meat and habitat loss killed the species. Currently there remain a number of species globally facing the same demise, for instance the majestic Monarch Butterfly.

1-monarch_butterfly_collette_adkins_giese_Center_for_Biological_Diversity_FPWC

The Holston River travels 274 miles to reach the confluence with twin, the French Broad, beginning in Bland County, Virginia. Uniquely, the Holston consists of three forks: the longest and more dominant North Fork flows from Sharon Springs. The “twins” Middle and South Forks converge NE of Bristol, a city straddling the state-lines of Virginia and Tennessee. These combined forks, then known now as “South,” later turn NW to greet the North Fork at Kingsport, Tennessee.

Then the three forks combo take off as one for 136 miles SW toward Knoxville. Tracking them lays the low elevation Bays Mountain on the south side of the flow nearly all the way. Take time from the canoe, kayak, or paddleboard trip

Western North Carolina Alliance (WNCA) enjoy a trip down-stream from the French Broad's Headwaters

Western North Carolina Alliance (WNCA) enjoy a trip down-stream from the French Broad’s Headwaters

to stop in Kingsport’s Bays Mountain Park. There, among deer and other animals, sits a wolf preserve where one, without any moonshine stimulant, howls with the wolves.

Cherokee Dam, named after the Native American tribe of East Tennessee, marks a key feature on the Holston waterway for river sport craft of all kinds in Grainger County and Jefferson County. Nothing better as Grainger grows the country’s best tomatoes from a lush farmland. Use them for your favorite BLT blend.

Grainger County Tomato Festival reigns as the kind of anything tomato. Join the famous tomato wars on the last Saturday of July. Oh . . . be brave and wear a white shirt.

Grainger County Tomato Festival reigns as the king of anything tomato. Join the famous tomato wars on the last Saturday of July. Oh . . . be brave; wear a white shirt.

Or just eat one like an orange. Better still, be at their world-famous Tomato Festival in late July; a perfect time once you find parking to prove your tomato-throwing skills.

Most do not know the area opposed secession by the state in Civil War days. President Lincoln’s railroad bridge-burning strategy, including one at nearby Strawberry Plains, a plan to combat Confederates that Tennessee joined in 1861, seemed to lead to more recruits for both sides of that dastardly conflict. Not far away one can enjoy Lincoln Memorial University’s Abraham Lincoln exhibit hall with important artifacts of his life, like a large copy of the wire announcing his death.

The telegram of President Abraham Lincoln's death 7:22 a.m., April 15, 1865. Photo taken at the Lincoln Memorial University Museum, Harrogate, Tennessee.

The telegram of President Abraham Lincoln’s death 7:22 a.m., April 15, 1865. Photo taken at the Lincoln Memorial University Museum, Harrogate, Tennessee.

Sadly, that day is now lost  among one of the most difficult days of the year for most Americans: April 15, Tax Day (see photo). That day needs changing to, say, April 30 or any other day for that matter. Lincoln’s day-of-death should not be lost among a scramble for deductions and paperwork. April 15 needs recognition as a day of honor.

There are winding creeks, lakes and water galore to explore in the area. Trout fishing with some lunkers (this from knowledgeable sources) remains a favorite in the Holston. Plenty of activity plays in the keeping of the rivers clean.

LegacyParks.org works to promote public use of the Holston and French Broad Rivers

LegacyParks.org works to promote public use of the Holston and French Broad Rivers

Panther Creek State Park, as just one suggestion of a park to visit, offers plenty of camping spots and activities to engage time in and out of the water. Sport kayaking, canoeing and fishing (in and out of canoes and kayaks, too) enjoy the dam’s reservoir along with multiple hikes reaching high grounds that once were enjoyed by the Cherokee Indians circa 1785.

Also note Blue Hole Falls on Holston Mountain, so named because of the pool under the falls with a deep blue tint. Located along Mill Creek, the falls are not far from South Holston Lake.

Blue Hole offers a refreshing pool to visit . . . and take a dip!

Blue Hole offers a refreshing pool to visit . . . and take a dip!

The name Holston River (and the mountain also) derived from Stephen Holstein who settled in the northerly part of the river in the mid-1700s. Keep an eye out on the Holston Mountain for Holston High Point where the FAA maintains an aircraft beacon at 4,260 feet.

The Tennessee River has North Carolina and Virginia to thank for its origin . . . and the tremendous variety of water sports the Holston River and the French Broad River offer.

Just think: nearly 500 miles from these two rivers combine with the 652 miles traveled by the Tennessee to the mouth of the Ohio. The many tributaries and contributing rivers such as the Little Tennessee and Tellico near Knoxville, make this region a river sport dreamland. Get this: on May 30, a paddleboard race starts in Knoxville on the Tennessee River and races downstream for multiple distances. This isn’t their first year of their race, either. No longer are such events just the providence of hidden streams and small rivers. The explosion of self-propelled river sports incorporates all good waterways. Just remember Lincoln’s adage, though: “It is best not to swap horses while crossing the river.” Kayaks, canoes and other water craft, too.

Phillip@ultrasuperior.com

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